APRIL 8-JULY 15, 2001
FRANZ MARC AND THE BLUE RIDER
Exhibition
GALLERY 7



   


During the early years of the 20th century, German painter Franz Marc devoted much of his artistic energy to creating images of horses and other animals. The allure of animals was not, for Marc, simply a formal or zoological interest, but stemmed from a deep fascination with the dynamic connection between animals, humans, and the natural world they shared. Longing to understand the spirit driving his own being, Marc looked to the horse in nature to perceive what he could not recognize in the human world. Through radical compositions and bold experiments with color, he strove to express the primary energy of the animals.

Image
Franz Marc
THE LARGE BLUE HORSES
1911


After Marc encountered the kindred spirits who would later form the core of the Blue Rider group--including Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Alexej Jawlensky--his style matured into a broader artistic philosophy. The Blue Rider was not a formal group with a manifesto and strict membership, but rather a changing network of artists who exhibited together and shared ideas. One of the most radical notions they proposed was the integration of all the arts across media boundaries, and they actively recruited not only painters and sculptors but also musicians, composers, writers, architects, and designers to their ranks. The artificial separation of form and idea, they argued, could not truthfully express the inner rhythm of the spirit. In their anthology of 1911, the Blue Rider Almanac, they included articles and essays on contemporary visual arts as well as music, theater, "low" arts, and ancient and non-Western cultures that embraced a wide range of conceptions about the place of art and the spiritual in the modern world.

Image
Wassily Kandinsky
STUDY FOR IMPROVISATION V
1910

The exhibition Franz Marc and the Blue Rider presents works by Marc and 10 of his Blue Rider colleagues that illuminate their common goals while making clear their distinct artistic personalities. Visitors will see several of Marc's masterpieces from this prolific period, including The Large Blue Horses (1911), a longtime favorite from the Walker's permanent collection; two related oils, The Small Blue Horses (1911) and The Small Yellow Horses (1912); and the stunning The Red Horses (1911). A selection of prints and gouaches by Marc--depicting animals both real and mythical--illuminates his increasingly abstract treatment of line, form, and color as he sought to develop a spiritually expressive art. Blue Rider cofounder Wassily Kandinsky, the Russian-born painter who was among the earliest advocates of pure abstraction, is represented by eightworks--notably his important Study for Improvisation V (1910), on loan from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, and a key 1923 lithograph entitled Orange.

Image
BLUE RIDER ARTISTS
1911

Nine other artists associated with the Blue Rider are represented with works from the 1910s and 1920s. Highlights include paintings by Gabriele Münter, Alexej Jawlensky, and August Macke from private collections in the Twin Cities; prints by Paul Klee, Alfred Kubin, and Heinrich Campendonk that are by turns lyrical, surreal, and graphically bold; and several works each by American expatriates Lyonel Feininger and Albert Bloch that blend German and American concerns and content. Visitors also can see three paintings by avant-garde composer Arnold Schönberg, a prolific visual artist and writer who contributed to the Blue Rider Almanac. Selections from Schönberg's music of the period can be heard in the gallery spaces.





IN THE WALKER ART CENTER SHOP

The newly published catalogue Franz Marc: Horses provides the most in-depth research to date on this important theme in Marc's work. Lavishly illustrated, this 284-page book includes essays by art historians Christian von Holst, Karin von Maur, Andreas Schalhorn, and Andreas K. Vetter. Hardcover: $45 ($40.50 Walker members).




RELATED EVENTS

FREE TOURS
FRANZ MARC AND THE BLUE RIDER
THURSDAY, JULY 5, 2001, 1 PM
SUNDAY, JULY 8, 2001, 2 PM
THURSDAY, JULY 12, 2001, 6 PM
SUNDAY, JULY 15, 2001, 2 PM
Join the Walker Art Center's knowledgeable tour guides for a lively, engaging, and informative tour of the exhibition.



JUNE EVENTS


FREE TOURS
FRANZ MARC AND THE BLUE RIDER
SUNDAY, JUNE 3, 2001, 2 PM
SUNDAY, JUNE 10 , 2001, 2 PM
THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 2001, 1 PM
THURSDAY, JUNE 28, 2001, 6 PM
Join the Walker Art Center's knowledgeable tour guides for a lively, engaging, and informative tour of the exhibition.



MAY EVENTS

FREE TOURS
FRANZ MARC AND THE BLUE RIDER
SATURDAY, MAY 5, 2001, 2 PM
THURSDAY, MAY 10, 2001, 6 PM
THURSDAY, MAY 17, 2001, 1 PM
THURSDAY, MAY 24, 2001, 1 PM
SATURDAY, MAY 26, 2001, 2 PM
THURSDAY, MAY 31, 2001, 1 PM
Join the Walker Art Center's knowledgeable tour guides for a lively, engaging, and informative tour of the exhibition.

FREE FIRST SATURDAY
HORSING AROUND

SATURDAY, MAY 5, 2001, 11 AM-4 PM
This month the Walker teams up with Galumph Performance Troupe to bring you a full day of spectacular fun. Experience a puppet performance, explore colorful paintings of fantastic horses in the exhibition Franz Marc and the Blue Rider, create your own puppets, and be enchanted by fantasy fables during a film screening.


WALKER AFTER HOURS
A HORSE OF A DIFFERENT COLOR

FRIDAY, MAY 11, 2001, 5:30-9 PM
$14 ($7 WALKER MEMBERS)
Let the reins loose and discover performing-arts events throughout the building, including Deborah Jinza Thayer's Movement Architecture, works by Flaneur Productions, and live music from Pleasant Stitch.


SUNDAY FUN
OF COURSE A HORSE!

SUNDAY, MAY 20, 2001, 1-2:30 PM
$8 ($4 WALKER MEMBERS)
Franz Marc loved to draw and paint colorful horses. Warm up your imagination, because we are going to begin by sketching some horses in the exhibition Franz Marc and the Blue Rider.


SPECIAL EVENT
CONTRIBUTING MEMBERS' LUNCHEON

MONDAY, MAY 21, 2001, 12 NOON
$30 WALKER CONTRIBUTING-LEVEL MEMBERS
Join curators Joan Rothfuss and Beth Mangini for a special luncheon and tour of the exhibition Franz Marc and the Blue Rider. To attend or for more information about Contributing-level membership, call 612.375.7641.



APRIL EVENTS


FREE TOURS
FRANZ MARC AND THE BLUE RIDER
THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 2001, 6 PM
SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 2001, 2 PM
THURSDAY, APRIL 26, 2001, 2 PM
SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 2001, 2 PM
Join the Walker Art Center's knowledgeable tour guides for a lively, engaging, and informative tour of the exhibition.

OPEN MONDAYS TEACHER WORKSHOP

MONDAY, APRIL 9, 4-6 PM
$8 ($6 WALKER MEMBERS)
Designed for educators, this workshop and tour offers participants specially prepared materials and slides that place Franz Marc's masterpiece The Large Blue Horses (1911) at the heart of the early 20th-century German movement the Blue Rider.


GALLERY TALK
SUNDAY, APRIL 22, 2 PM
FREE WITH GALLERY ADMISSION
Charles W. Haxthausen, Director of the Graduate Program in the History of Art at Williams College, leads a gallery talk on Marc and the interdisciplinary aesthetic at the core of the Blue Rider group. Meet in the lobby.





FRANZ MARC AND THE BLUE RIDER WAS ORGANIZED WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF THE BUSCH-REISINGER MUSEUM AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY, THE STAATSGALERIE STUTTGART, GERMANY, THE MINNEAPOLIS INSTITUTE OF ARTS, AND SEVERAL PRIVATE COLLECTORS. THE MINNEAPOLIS PRESENTATION IS MADE POSSIBLE BY GENEROUS SUPPORT FROM DAYTON'S PROJECT IMAGINE, ALLIANZ, LEONARD AND MARY LOU HOEFT, MARGOT SIEGEL, AND JOHN TAFT AND MARTHA MCPHEE.