Viewer response and involvement are as intrinsic to the meaning of Sherman's work as they are to Hopper's. These images evolve in the viewer's mind, and present intriguing questions with regard to content and "message." Sherman plays off the obvious staging of mediated images of women through shot, costume, pose and situation. At stake are issues of artifice and realism: The work is all about viewing and re-viewing, created for and around multiple levels of looking, plying the audience's familiarity with multiple visual codes.
In a comment on Sherman's work which might apply equally well to Hopper's Office at Night, critic Arthur Danto said:
The still...is seductive, enticing and meretricious, and the taker of stills must therefore be an astute psychologist of the narrative appetite...The still must tease with the promise of a story the viewer of it itches to be told.