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oblique view
Courtesy Walker Art Center
oblique view Image Rights
Image Rights
oblique view
Courtesy Walker Art Center
Copyright 1999 Ad Reinhardt / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York


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Ad Reinhardt
unframed 48 × 12 inches
oil on canvas
Not on view

Object Details

Paintings (Paintings)
Accession Number
Verso: “Painting, 1955 Ad Reinhardt 732 B'way, N.Y.C.”
Physical Description
All black or shades of dark grey with subtle geometric shapes barely distinguishable from background.
Credit Line
Donation of Virginia Dwan, 1987

object label Ad Reinhardt, M (1955) , 1999

The less an artist thinks in non-artistic terms and the less he exploits the easy, common skills, the more of an artist he is… . The less an artist obtrudes himself in his painting, the purer and clearer his aims… . Less is more.–Ad Reinhardt, 1953

Although Ad Reinhardt is often grouped with the New York­based Abstract Expressionist painters, his work is not concerned with gestural expression but rather with the optical and emotional sensations produced by the application of pure color onto a two-dimensional surface. Like Barnett Newman (whose painting The Third can be seen in this gallery), he aspired to rid his art of all narrative or symbolic content; painting could refer only to itself and not to anything outside its flat, colored surface. His reductivism led him to work in monochrome. From 1954 until his death in 1967 he painted only black-on-black canvases, including this one. With its barely perceptible vertical and horizontal bands of shades of black on a black ground, this canvas embodies Reinhardt’s belief that “there is something wrong, irresponsible, and mindless about color, something impossible to control. Control and rationality are part of any morality.”

Label text for Ad Reinhardt, M (1955), from the exhibition Art in Our Time: 1950 to the Present, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, September 5, 1999 to September 2, 2001.

Copyright 1999 Walker Art Center